VRL’s $3.8 Billion Bond Juggling: A Balancing Act for Survival

VRL's $3.8 Billion Bond Juggling: A Balancing Act for Survival


Vedanta Resources Limited (VRL), a diversified Indian mining and metals conglomerate, is facing a critical financial hurdle: $3.8 billion in bonds maturing over the next three years. To avoid default, VRL has launched a complex liability management exercise, raising eyebrows and sparking questions about the company’s stability.


VRL’s plan involves:

  • Bondholder consent: Seeking approval to extend maturities, partially prepay three bonds, and adjust covenants. Early consenters receive a $20 per $1,000 incentive.
  • $1.25 billion financing: Pledging 13% of its stake in Vedanta Ltd (VDL) to secure funds from Standard Chartered and Cerberus Capital, primarily for the January 2024 bond.
  • Cash payments: Offering partial upfront cash payments (55%, 8%, and 15%) for the three bonds in exchange for extending maturities.
  • Demerger: Splitting VDL into five listed companies, with Hindustan Zinc remaining in VDL.

Concerns and Questions:

  • Debt burden: VRL’s high-interest borrowing (17-18%) highlights its financial strain. The demerger could further complicate matters if debt isn’t adequately allocated.
  • Pledged shares: Vedanta Ltd stake pledge raises concerns about VRL’s control and potential future dilution.
  • Distressed rating: S&P’s “distressed” rating underlines the urgency and complexity of the situation.

Potential Implications:

  • Short-term relief: The plan might avert immediate default but doesn’t address long-term debt concerns.
  • Investor sentiment: Success could improve investor confidence, while failure could further erode it.
  • Impact on VDL: The demerger’s success hinges on careful execution and debt allocation.

Impact on Industries:

  • Metals and mining: VRL’s financial stability could impact the broader metals and mining sector in India.
  • Banking and finance: The success of the financing deal could influence future lending to VRL and similar companies.

Long-Term Benefits & Negatives:

  • Benefits: Successful restructuring could improve VRL’s financial health, unlock value through the demerger, and boost investor confidence.
  • Negatives: Failure could lead to default, financial distress, and negative impacts on the company and related industries.

Short-Term Benefits & Negatives:

  • Benefits: Consent solicitation and financing could provide immediate liquidity and avoid default.
  • Negatives: High-interest borrowing and potential asset pledges could raise long-term concerns.

Companies to Gain/Lose:

  • Gain: Standard Chartered, Cerberus Capital (if the deal closes).
  • Lose: Oaktree Capital (releasing VDL shares), bondholders who reject the proposal.

Additional Insights:

  • VRL’s success depends on securing bondholder consent, finalizing the financing, and executing the demerger effectively.
  • The Indian government’s policies towards the metals and mining sector could play a role in VRL’s future.


VRL’s debt restructuring plan is a high-stakes gamble. While it might offer short-term relief, long-term success hinges on careful execution, market conditions, and investor confidence. The company’s future and its impact on related industries remain uncertain, demanding close monitoring and analysis in the coming months.

Citation: Shilpy Sinha and Mohit Bhalla, “VRL Begins Process to Rejig $3.8-b Bond Repayments” (The Economic Times, December 14, 2023).

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