Rupee Appreciates on Strong FII Inflows

Rupee rises 2 paise to settle at 83.32 against US dollar on FII inflows

The Indian rupee rose against the US dollar, appreciating 2 paise to close at 83.32 on Wednesday. This comes on the back of strong foreign portfolio investor (FII) inflows into Indian capital markets.

Analysis for a Layman:
The rupee gained ground against the dollar due to positive factors like foreign investors investing over Rs 71 crore in Indian stocks on Wednesday. This foreign money coming into India supports the rupee. However, rising global oil prices has kept the rupee from strengthening further as India imports most of its oil needs.

Original Analysis:
The rupee rise reflects improving investor sentiment towards Indian markets based on strong recent gains. However, concerns around high trade deficit due to elevated energy import bills will keep appreciation in check. With the US Fed signaling slower rate hikes, emerging market currencies could stabilize but volatility persists making RBI intervention critical to prevent disorderly movements.

Impact on Retail Investors:
For retail investors, FII inflows leading to stock market rallies bode well for their equity investments. However, a stronger rupee makes overseas travel and imports cheaper, while impacting export-oriented sectors. Investors should utilize rallies to book profits and maintain balanced portfolios across asset classes including some international diversification.

Impact on Industries:
The IT/ITES and pharmaceutical exports sectors will be adversely impacted by a stronger rupee eroding profit margins. However, industries relying on imported inputs like oil, electronics and gold will benefit from the currency appreciating. Aviation and tourism sectors stand to gain from lower costs and higher consumer demand.

Long Term Benefits and Negatives:
Over the long term, strong FII flows boost industrial activity, FDI investments and access to foreign capital and expertise. However, an overvalued currency can stunt export competitiveness harming current account dynamics. The ideal scenario is calibrated RBI action preventing extreme one-sided movement aligning currency with fundamentals.

Short Term Benefits and Negatives:

In the short run, the stock market and import-reliant sectors gain while exporters will seek to hedge against currency volatility through derivatives. However consumers may defer big ticket purchases if the rupee continues appreciating. Curbing imports also slows inflation but reduces custom duties impacting fiscal position.

Companies that Will Gain:
Import oriented businesses like oil marketing companies, gold jewellers, electronic appliance makers and premium automakers stand to gain. Software and IT services companies with substantial domestic exposure and tourism operators will benefit too.

Companies that May Lose Out:

Export driven sectors like IT, pharma, textiles are negatively impacted. Commodity producers reliant on exports will see profitability decline with rising currency.

Additional Insights:
A lot depends on whether FII inflows sustain, providing cues on investor sentiment. Currency must reflect economic fundamentals else imbalances build up. RBI should aim for a stable, depoliticised currency regime avoiding Swiss franc style sudden appreciate.


While FII inflows and softening US dollar are welcome, RBI should lean against excessive volatility and prevent destabilizing one-sided appreciation while allowing fundamentals to determine currency trajectory.

Press Trust of India. (2023, November 30). Strong FII Inflows Help ₹ Rise 2 p to 83.32/$. Business Standard.

error: Content is protected !!
Scroll to Top

Subscribe to Profitnama to access all articles, explanations, stock analysis
Already a member? Sign In Here