Proposals Sought for Final Set of Supplementary Demands

Government’s Fiscal Decisions: Balancing Acts for Retail Investors

Source and Citation: Originally reported by ET Bureau, Jan 01, 2024

Layman’s Explanation

The government has requested all ministries to propose additional spending needs for the final supplementary demands for grants for the financial year 2023-2024 (FY24) by January 8th. These supplementary demands, to be presented in the upcoming Budget session, allow the government to seek Parliament’s approval for extra spending needs beyond the original budget estimates.

Despite the additional spending proposals, the finance ministry aims to meet its fiscal deficit target of 5.9% of GDP for FY24. Careful monitoring of savings from other areas is expected to offset new spending demands, maintaining fiscal discipline.

Proposals Sought for Final Set of Supplementary Demands

Impact on Retail Investors


  1. Financial Prudence: The government’s commitment to fiscal discipline before elections reassures retail investors, indicating financial prudence and stability.
  2. Inflation Control: Fiscal restraint can contain inflation and prevent a widening current account deficit, benefiting investors by maintaining favorable interest rates.


  1. Excessive Borrowing: Excessive borrowing can lead to inflation, widening trade deficits, and less favorable interest rates, negatively impacting investors.
  2. Unstable Inflation: Unstable inflation and import costs may impact monetary policy decisions, affecting interest rates and economic growth.

Impact on Industries


  1. Infrastructure and Construction: Industries related to infrastructure and construction can benefit from additional spending on roads, energy, and railways.
  2. Banking and Financial Services: Increased government spending can drive credit demand, benefiting banking and financial services companies.
  3. Consumer Discretionary: Sectors linked to economic growth, like metals & mining, construction materials, and consumer discretionary, may outperform if fiscal prudence aids stable GDP expansion.


  1. Oil Marketing Firms: Subsidies for household fuels may impact oil marketing firms if expanded due to high global crude prices.
  2. Auto and FMCG Industries: These industries could gain if proposals aim to put more disposable income into the hands of farmers and rural communities.

Long-Term Benefits & Negatives


  1. Credibility with Investors: Sticking to fiscal consolidation plans builds credibility with global investors and credit rating agencies.
  2. Formalization of Economy: Higher tax collections indicate a rising formalization of the economy, expanding capacity for future revenue mobilization.


  1. Over-conservative Fiscal Stance: Excessive restraint on expenditures may curb public capex and welfare spending during economic stress.
  2. Dependence on Economic Expansion: Fiscal prudence relies heavily on buoyant tax revenues tied to steady economic expansion, risking slippages during unexpected downturns.

Short-Term Benefits & Negatives


  1. Sectoral Support: Additional expenditures can support sectors with flagging consumer demand in the short term.
  2. Reassurance to Investors: The government’s commitment to containing the deficit within existing budget targets provides reassurance and policy continuity.


  1. Inflationary Pressures: Expanding expenditures without matching revenue sources may lead to inflationary pressures and potential tightening of interest rates.
  2. Bond Market Impact: Investors should monitor fiscal projections and bond market estimates for potential upticks, impacting yields and increasing volatility.

In conclusion, the government’s fiscal decisions showcase a balancing act between supporting economic growth and maintaining financial discipline. For retail investors, this indicates both opportunities and risks, with careful monitoring of inflation, interest rates, and fiscal projections being crucial in navigating the evolving economic landscape.

Companies Impacted by Government Supplementary Demands for FY24

Note: While the news directly impacts government spending rather than specific companies, it can indirectly affect various sectors through increased investment, infrastructure projects, and economic activity.

Indian Companies Potentially Gaining:

  • Infrastructure & Capital Goods:

    • Larsen & Toubro (L&T): Increased infrastructure spending across sectors like railways, roads, and energy can lead to new project orders and contracts for L&T.
    • Bajaj Electricals & Thermax Ltd.: Potential focus on energy efficiency and modernization in infrastructure projects can benefit companies involved in power transmission and industrial equipment.
    • Cement & Steel Companies: Increased infrastructure activity typically drives demand for steel and cement, benefiting companies like ACC Ltd., Ambuja Cements, Tata Steel, and JSW Steel.
  • Defense & Aerospace:

    • Bharat Electronics Ltd. (BEL) & Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL): Potential allocation of additional funds for defense upgrades and modernization programs can benefit domestic defense manufacturers.
  • Construction Companies:

    • L&T Construction & Simplex Infrastructure: Increased government spending on infrastructure projects can lead to new construction contracts for these companies.
  • Banks & NBFCs:

    • HDFC Bank & ICICI Bank: Higher government spending can stimulate overall economic activity, potentially translating to increased loan demand from businesses and individuals.
    • NBFCs like Bajaj Finance & Mahindra Finance: Increased focus on rural infrastructure and development can boost demand for retail loans and credit products offered by NBFCs.

Market Sentiment: The news of increased government spending is likely to be positive for the above-mentioned sectors, potentially leading to:

  • Higher stock prices: Companies directly or indirectly related to infrastructure, defense, and construction might see their valuations rise due to anticipated increased business opportunities.
  • Investor optimism: Positive sentiment surrounding government commitment to infrastructure development and economic growth might attract investors to relevant sectors.
  • Sector rotation: Funds might shift towards infrastructure and capital goods companies in anticipation of higher returns compared to other sectors.

Indian Companies Potentially Impacted Negatively:

  • Companies reliant on imported materials: Higher infrastructure spending might not directly benefit companies heavily reliant on imported materials due to potential cost pressures.
  • Non-infrastructure sectors: Companies in sectors like consumer goods or pharmaceuticals might see limited impact from the news, as it primarily focuses on infrastructure and government projects.

Global Companies:

  • Foreign companies with India partnerships or investments: Companies involved in joint ventures or infrastructure projects with Indian partners might benefit from increased government spending.
  • Commodity producers: Rising demand for steel, cement, and other materials for infrastructure projects can potentially benefit global commodity producers.

Note: This analysis is based on the provided information and is not exhaustive. The actual impact on individual companies and sectors will depend on various factors, including the specific allocation of funds, project execution timelines, and overall economic conditions.

Remember, it’s crucial to conduct further research and consult financial professionals before making investment decisions based on this information.

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