Adani Ports Uses Unique Structure to Place Bonds with Pvt Credit Funds

Adani Ports’ Unusual Bond Structure Raises Rs. 500 Crore

Source and Citation: News article published by ET Bureau on January 12, 2024

Analysis of this news for a layman

The article covers India’s largest ports operator, Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone (APSEZ), adopting an unconventional structure to raise Rs. 500 crore in corporate bonds from private credit funds instead of banks.

Typically, bond investors rely on the issuing company’s own assets and cashflows as collateral for their investment. But here, APSEZ has offered receivables owed to it from loans given earlier to the group firm Adani Krishnapatnam Port as fallback security to bondholders.

This signals that APSEZ itself is unable to raise the desired money via regular routes currently – likely caused by tight system liquidity and lenders still cautious on the wider Adani group following the Hindenberg controversy last year. The unique arrangement allows tapping alternate lenders but hints at nervousness around Adani entities’ access to capital.

The raised amount seems relatively small compared to APSEZ’s size and working capital needs. But the structuring indicates potential constraints on easily raising large sums. The high bond yields offered also suggest borrowing costs remain elevated for the conglomerate.

Adani Ports Uses Unique Structure to Place Bonds with Pvt Credit Funds

Analysis for Retail Investors

For retail stock investors, APSEZ’s unusual bond deal structure flags both risks and opportunities around the Adani group:

  • Signals access to traditional lenders remains somewhat strained despite strong business fundamentals across ports, power, and gas verticals.
  • Highlights wider Adani group interlinkages that may negatively spill across entities if one firm faces liquidity pressures.
  • Keep alive corporate governance overhang despite a Supreme Court ruling offering closure.

However, high yields also indicate trades attractive for fixed income investors able to stomach the uncertainties. And APSEZ’s financial profile seems strong enough to service and retire the raised capital over a few years.

Overall, the situation seems stable currently but merits monitoring closely. Retail investors need a balanced assessment – neither ignoring wider ecosystem linkages given the group’s scale, nor overextrapolating higher perceived risks of contagion.

Impact on Industries

The unusual debt arrangement by APSEZ can have wider ramifications across interlinked industries:

  • Shipping & Ports – Sentiments may weaken marginally for port operators if signals tightness in credit availability. But APSEZ’s strong market position offers resilience.
  • Commodities – Slowdown risks for coal, agri commodities exports/imports if liquidity pressures faced by port infra players. May accelerate projects by rivals like Adani Group.
  • Banking – Additional wariness in lending to conglomerates with opacity and cross-linkages across group firms seem likely following this case.
  • Institutional Investors – Indications of nervousness around Adani group’s perceived governance and financial transparency issues remaining may hurt wider funding access from equity investors also.

Overall, the signals seem somewhat negative from the unconventional deal. But Adani Ports’ standalone strength offers cushion against wider industry impact. How broader markets, lenders, and authorities react next remains crucial though.

Long Term Benefits & Negatives

Potential longer-term implications from the deal:


  • Shows financial innovation capability to handle temporary constraints.
  • Opportunity to deepen corporate bonds market for quality issuers.


  • Persisting uncertainty risks appetite of foreign investors and asset revaluations.
  • May increase long-term capital costs if lenders turn overly risk-averse.

The news seems neutral from a long-run perspective for India Inc. Innovations in accessing funding are positive. But global stakeholders can handle only so much uncertainty around governance issues before risk pullback hurts growth prospects.

Restoring systemic confidence is vital via fair, swift investigations by regulators balanced against the need for industry continuity undisturbed by isolated cases. Responsible commentary without sensationalism is important for durable growth.

Short Term Benefits & Negatives

In the immediate 1-2 year period, the deal poses both pros and cons:


  • Allows Adani firms continuity in operations, project execution despite tight liquidity.


  • Signals nervousness in lending may curtail their expansion plans until investigations conclude.
  • Risk of panic reactions by minority investors, lenders if an isolated incident is generalized.
  • May temporarily stagnate fundraising abilities and increase costs for the wider Indian infra sector.

The news seems manageable currently if authorities contain uncertainty. But prudent liquidity management is vital for Adani given large planned capex across ports, airports, etc. Moderated growth may serve better to restore confidence, integrate recent acquisitions first.

Externally, reasonable perspectives are needed recognizing India’s infrastructure growth needs requiring balance against governance standards. Avoiding alarmist reactions will serve the economy better.

Companies Impacted by Adani Ports’ Unconventional Bond Issuance

Indian Companies Likely to Gain:

  • Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone (APSEZ): Successful execution of this unique bond structure could improve access to alternative financing sources, potentially reducing reliance on traditional avenues and lowering overall financing costs. Positive market reception of the bonds might boost investor confidence and potentially raise the stock price.
  • Trust Investment Advisors, Aditya Birla Money, IIFL Finance, IIFL Home Finance, Alpha Financial: These investors secured attractive interest rates (8.70%-8.80%) and benefitted from a first-mover advantage in this novel type of bond issuance. Increased visibility and reputation as early adopters could benefit their future fundraising efforts.
  • Other Private Credit Funds: The success of APSEZ’s bond placement could pave the way for similar structures within the Indian private credit market, creating opportunities for other funds focused on this asset class.
  • Legal and Financial Advisors Involved: Firms involved in structuring and facilitating this deal (if disclosed) could gain new clients and mandates seeking similar innovative financing solutions.

Indian Companies Potentially at Risk:

  • Existing Bondholders of Adani Group Companies: The use of receivables from another Adani company as security for the new bonds might raise concerns about potential risk concentration within the group. If concerns about Adani Group debt levels or financial health resurface, existing bondholders across the group could face increased market volatility and potential losses.
  • Traditional Banks and Lenders to Adani Group: If this alternative financing method becomes more prevalent, traditional banks might see reduced loan business from Adani Group companies, impacting their interest income and potentially affecting shareholder value.

Global Companies with Potential Upsides:

  • Global Institutional Investors with India Exposure: Increased confidence in the Indian private credit market, driven by successful innovative structures like this bond issuance, could attract more global institutional investors seeking higher returns.
  • Global Investment Banks and Asset Managers with Private Credit Expertise: These firms could leverage their international experience and knowledge to develop and offer similar alternative financing solutions in India, creating new business opportunities.

Global Companies Potentially Impacted:

  • Global Rating Agencies: The unique security structure implemented by APSEZ might require additional scrutiny and adaptation of existing rating methodologies used by global agencies when evaluating similar bonds in the future.

Market Sentiment:

Overall, the news is likely to be positive for Adani Ports and the investors involved in the bond issue. However, it might raise some concerns about risk concentration within the Adani Group and potential impacts on traditional lenders. Global investors might show increased interest in the Indian private credit market due to these developments. Market sentiment towards Adani Group companies should be closely monitored in light of this news and evolving investor perceptions.

Remember, this analysis is based on the provided information and future developments might impact the companies mentioned in different ways. Always conduct thorough due diligence before making investment decisions.

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